Article 1—Cease All Hostile Acts that are Sources of Tension

1. South and North Korea agreed to completely cease all hostile acts against each other in every domain, including land, air and sea that are the source of military tension and conflict.

① The two sides discussed various measures to prevent armed conflict in every domain, including land, air and sea. The two sides agreed to consult and resolve all matters that may lead to military conflict in a peaceful way and preclude the use of military force under any circumstance. The two sides agreed to refrain from any action to infiltrate, attack or occupy each other’s area of jurisdiction by any means or method. The two sides agreed to have consultations on matters including large-scale military exercises and military buildup aimed at each other, various forms of blockade, interdiction and obstruction of navigation as well as reconnaissance activities against each other through the ‘Inter-Korean Joint Military Committee’. The two sides agreed to continue to have consultations on various  implementation measures related to the ‘Panmunjom Declaration’, in which both sides agreed to realize phased arms reduction, in accordance with alleviation of military tension and confidence building.

② The two sides agreed to cease various military exercises aimed at each other along the Military Demarcation Line from November 1, 2018. On ground, the two sides agreed to cease all live-fire artillery drills and field training exercises at the regiment level and above within 5km from the MDL. At sea, the two sides agreed to cease all live-fire and maritime maneuver exercises within the zone north  of Deokjeok-do and south of Cho-do in the West Sea, and within the zone north of Sokcho and south of Tongcheon in the East Sea. The two sides also agreed to install covers on the barrels of coastal artilleries and ship guns and close all gunports within the zones. In the air, the two sides agreed to ban tactical live-fire drills involving fixed-wing aircraft, including the firing of air-to-ground guided weapons within the designated No Fly Zones in the eastern and western regions of the MDL.

③ The two sides agreed to designate No Fly Zones for all aircraft types above the MDL, effective from 1 November, 2018, in the following way: For fixed-wing aircraft, No Fly Zones will be designated within 40km from the MDL in the East (between MDL Markers No. 0646 and 1292) and within 20km from the MDL in the West (between MDL Markers No. 0001 and 0646). Other No Fly Zones will be designated in the following way: for rotary-wing aircraft, within 10km from the MDL; for UAVs, within 15km from the MDL in the East and 10km from the MDL in the West; for hot-air balloons, within 25km from the MDL. However, when the employment of aircraft becomes necessary such as in the cases involving fire-fighting, ground & maritime rescue, medical evacuation, weather observation and farming support, aircraft will be permitted to fly subject to prior notification to the other side. The No Fly Zones mentioned above do not apply to commercial aircraft (including cargo planes).

④ The two sides agreed to take measures to prevent any accidental military clash at all times in every domain, including land, air and sea. To this end, the two sides agreed to apply a five-step procedure (Initial warning broadcast Secondary warning broadcast Initial warning fire Secondary warning fire Military action) on ground and at sea, and a 4-step procedure (Warning radio & signal Interdiction flight Warning fire Military action) in the air. The two sides agreed to implement the above revised procedures from November 1, 2018.

⑤ The two sides agreed to solve all military issues through peaceful consultations by maintaining permanent communication channels in order to prevent at all times any accidental military clash in every domain, including land, air and sea and by immediately notifying each other when an abnormal situation arises.
Status of Activities:

2019.04.19 No director-level meetings held at Kaesong liaison office for eight weeks: MOU

2019.03.25 개성연락사무소: 북측, 철수 사흘만에 일부 복귀...‘긴장조성으로 제재 완화에 대한 한국 역할 촉구’

2019.03.22 North Korea withdraws from DMZ joint liaison office after new US sanctions

2018.12.26 North and South Korea hold ceremony to link railways, but sanctions block way

2018.12.20 285 meetings held at inter-Korean liaison office since September: MOU

2018.11.29 Ministry of Unification South Korea sends North Korea 50 tons of insecticide to control pine wilt

2018.11.28 Ministry of Unification 남북 철도 현지 공동조사 시작

2018.11.24 North and South Korea Get U.N.’s Go-Ahead to Study Joint Rail Project

2018.10.23 Ministry of Unification Joint Press Release of Sectoral Meeting on Inter-Korean Forestry Cooperation

2018.09.14 North and South Korea Open Full-Time Liaison Office at Border

2018.08.20 Korean reunions: Families divided by war meet in North

2018.07.31 North Korean media denounces South for “preposterous” sanctions support

2018.07.04 Ministry of Unification Joint Press Release of Inter-Korean Forestry Cooperation Talks

2018.06.18 North, South Korea agree to joint teams for Asian Games